La Cámara de Representantes de EEUU aprueba



05:36 p.m.
Fuente: El mundo

*El Congreso de Estados Unidos decide hoy la aprobación del plan de la Administración Obama
El Congreso de Estados Unidos decide hoy si da luz verde al paquete de medidas de 825.000 millones de dólares del presidente, Barack Obama. El plan, que incluye fuertes inversiones en desarrollo y recortes de impuestos a ciudadanos y empresas, no cuenta con el apoyo de todos los republicanos, aunque la Casa Blanca confía en lograr su aprobación.

Obama, quien está abierto a modificar parte de su plan, es "optimista" pese a no contar con un apoyo "al ciento por ciento".

Antes de comenzar el debate en el Congreso, Obama se reunió en la Casa Blanca con los líderes empresariales estadounidenses para lograr el apoyo a un plan con el que pretende salvar unos cuatro millones de empleos.

"Aquí están algunos de los principales ejecutivos del país... ellos están en primera línea ante los enormes problemas que atraviesa nuestra economía ahora" dijo Obama ante unos empresarios a los que pidió que "acepten sus responsabilidades ante sus empleados y los americanos".

La urgencia del plan es evidente. Una "acción rápida" es necesaria, según Obama. Para hacer frente a la crisis, numerosas multinacionales han acometido decenas de miles de despidos en los últimos días.

El paquete de medidas de 825.000 millones de dólares se desglosa en una dotación de 550.000 millones para inversiones y 275.000 millones en recortes fiscales a familias y empresas.

Gran parte de los congresistas republicanos se oponen al programa, por lo que ofrecerán una alternativa basada en recortes de impuestos en vez de ampliar los gastos del Estado. Iniciativa que, según los analistas, fracasará. El senador republicano Mitch McConnell, entrevistado en la 'CNN', asegura que hay un "amplio acuerdo" en que se necesita un nuevo plan de estímulo económico, aunque criticó que el programa de Obama supone un despilfarro.

Fuente: La Prensa

*EUA: Cámara baja aprueba plan de estímulo económico
La Cámara de Representantes aprobó un paquete de estímulo económico por $819,000 millones, crucial para el plan del presidente Barack Obama encaminado a reanimar la economía.

La votación de la cámara baja se produjo días después de intenso cabildeo efectuado por el nuevo presidente, el cual incluyó exhortaciones personales a los republicanos en el Congreso.

El líder en la defensa mundial del medio ambiente Al Gore dijo que el primer paso para restaurar el "liderazgo económico y moral" de Estados Unidos es aprobar el paquete de estímulos del presidente Barack Obama, mientras que el segundo paso es poner un precio al carbono.

La votación de la cámara baja se produjo días después de intenso cabildeo efectuado por el nuevo presidente, el cual incluyó exhortaciones personales a los republicanos en el Congreso. Sin embargo, los legisladores del partido minoritario desdeñaron a Obama, diciendo que el proyecto de ley contiene demasiados gastos e insuficientes recortes fiscales.

Los demócratas argumentaron que el plan es imperativo, con la economía en su peor forma desde la Gran Depresión de la década de 1930.

La legislación incluye aproximadamente 544.000 millones de dólares en gastos federales y $275,000 millones en recortes de impuestos para individuos y empresas. También proporciona dinero para la construcción de carreteras y el tránsito masivo.

Fuente: Finanzas

La Cámara de Representantes de EEUU aprueba masivo plan de estímulo económico

La Cámara de Representantes de EE.UU. aprobó hoy, en medio de agrias disputas partidistas, un plan de estímulo de 825.000 millones de dólares para hacer frente a la peor crisis económica en el país desde la Gran Depresión.

Con 244 votos a favor y 188 en contra, los legisladores aprobaron un plan que incluye recortes tributarios para las familias y pequeñas empresas e inversiones en infraestructura y programas sociales en los próximos dos años.

Fox News

*House Passes $819B Stimulus Package
President Obama's plan to revive the economy cleared its first hurdle when House members passed their version Wednesday on an $819 billion stimulus package.

The House of Representatives approved an $819 billion economic stimulus package Wednesday that President Obama has said is necessary to revive the crumbling U.S. economy.

The final vote was 244-188, mostly along party lines as expected.

The legislation includes an estimated $544 billion in federal spending and $275 billion in tax cuts for individuals and businesses. It includes money for highway construction and mass transit.

The Senate is working on a costlier version of the bill.

Democratic congressional leaders practically declared victory Wednesday afternoon -- ahead of the vote.

The massive recovery package has stirred consternation among Republicans who say their ideas are not being adequately considered. But Democrats have a comfortable majority in the House and stressed that fact in a talk with reporters.

"If there is somebody who is disgruntled, so be it. But we will have an overwhelming vote," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said. She and more than a half-dozen other Democrats touted the bill and chided Republicans for pushing what they called the kind of failed policies that led to the economic crisis.

"The Republicans are talking about process. I think when you lose the argument on substance, on policy, what do you do? You talk about process and you talk about personality," she said.

Meanwhile, House Republican leaders were standing firm in their opposition to the stimulus plan. Just ahead of the House vote, they insisted that their own plan, focusing on tax relief, would create twice as many new jobs -- 6.2 million -- as the plan Obama is pushing, while costing about half as much.

But the House defeated their plan Wednesday with a vote of 286-170.

House Minority Leader John Boehner said Republicans remain "disappointed" in the stimulus plan coming to a vote. He says it includes a "lot of wasteful spending that won't create jobs."

He says the GOP plan for "fast-acting tax relief" would "create jobs and preserve jobs in America."

As the House debated a slew of amendments on the floor Wednesday, White House press secretary Robert Gibbs downplayed the disagreements over the bill.

"Tonight starts the beginning of what we know is going to be a long process," Gibbs said, adding that the White House hopes the bill can be signed by mid-February. "Tonight will be a very important first step."

The House measure had been estimated to cost $825 billion, but the Congressional Budget Office updated the bill's price tag to $816 billion after accountants recalculated the cost. That total rose by $3 billion when the House approved on a voice vote a Democratic amendment for mass transit.

Earlier Wednesday, President Obama tried to assure skeptics who say the package is too costly and contains too many measures that will not stimulate job growth.

He called for "bold and swift" action and said that the stimulus package before Congress will make critical investments in the private sector as well as the national infrastructure.

"We will invest in what works," Obama said, pledging to release information about how the money is spent.

In an earlier appearance, Obama said he's confident the bill will pass but preferred not to speculate on how much Republican support he will get when the roll is called. Obama had said earlier that Republican support would back up his argument that a new style of bipartisan politics is needed in Washington.

Asked whether he was confident of getting Republican support, he replied only: "I'm confident we're going to get it passed."

His program is expansive -- and expensive. Republican support remained in doubt in the hours leading up to the vote.

Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell also expressed skepticism about the bill pushed by House Democrats.

Senate committees were working on a separate version of the measure that enjoyed only slightly more support from Republicans. Congressional leaders have promised Obama they would send him the measure, which could be the single largest bill ever to go through Congress, by mid-February.

The president's first days in office have been dominated by his efforts to drum up bipartisan support for the sweeping plan to help pull the country out of the year-old recession that he inherited from President Bush. The increasingly troublesome economy -- and the federal government's response to it -- is the first major test of Obama's presidency. How he handles the volatile situation, and the effect of his stimulus package on the economy, could set the tone for his first year in office, if not his entire term.

He is casting the measure as the first step toward turning around the moribund economy while laying the foundation for long-term objectives, like developing alternative energy sources and rebuilding the country's highways

Fuente: The New York Times
*House Passes Obama’s Stimulus Package
The House voted, 244-188, on Wednesday evening for President Obama’s package of federal tax cuts and spending worth $819 billion and meant to jump-start the economy out of its worst crisis in decades.

Although the president’s legislative victory was no surprise, given the Democrats’ 255-to-178 advantage in the House, the lack of any Republican support was a disappointment for Mr. Obama. The vote came hours after Mr. Obama declared that “we don’t have a moment to spare” just after conferring with business leaders at the White House.

Before voting on President Obama’s plan, the House rejected a stimulus measure offered by Republican members that focused more on tax cuts. The vote against that measure was 266 to 170, almost entirely on party lines.

The Senate, where the Democrats’ advantage was also increased by the November elections, is expected to debate economic stimulus measures next week. Considerable public debate and private negotiations could lie ahead, given differences between the White House and Congress, and Democrats and Republicans.

But for the moment, at least, the president could savor the House endorsement of his stimulus plan, which he promised earlier Wednesday would be not just enormous in scope but run with a transparency and accountability not always associated with huge Washington projects.

“We’ll invest in what works,” the president said after what he called “a sober meeting” with prominent business executives at the White House to discuss not just the immediate economic crisis but the ability of America to compete in the global marketplace in the 21st century.

Hours before the House voted, Mr. Obama tried to convey his message far beyond the corridors of the Capitol and into boardrooms and living rooms. The future of the American economy rests less in his hands than it does “with American companies and workers,” Mr. Obama said.

“They are the ones whose efforts and ideas will determine our economic destiny, just as they always have,” the president said. “For in the end, it’s businesses, large and small, that generate the jobs, provide the salaries and serve as the foundation on which the American people’s lives and dreams depend.”

The numbers in the president’s program, while astronomical, seemed to defy precision. Accountants at theCongressional Budget Office recalculated the cost, putting it at $816 billion rather than the $825 billion often used. But in a voice vote on Wednesday, House Democrats added $3 billion for mass transit.

The White House meeting was part of an aggressive promotional campaign by the president and his top aides. Congressional leaders of both parties were invited to cocktails at the White House Wednesday evening. On Monday, Mr. Obama took the unusual step of going to the Capitol to try to win support for his program.

The president said on Wednesday that the country faces “times more trying than any we have seen in a long, long while” as he alluded to the latest staggering round of layoffs, announced on Monday by some of the nation’s biggest, and hitherto most profitable, corporations.

But in the face of the bad news, he sought to project a feeling of optimism as he confronts his first big challenge, one that could set the momentum for his first year in office and, perhaps, help determine his place in history.

“We left the meeting confident we can turn our economy around,” Mr. Obama said of Wednesday morning’s gathering, which included Sam Palmisano and David Cote, the chairmen and chief executives of I.B.M. and Honeywell, respectively. Richard D. Parsons, who was recently named chairman of Citigroup, was also among the executives at the White House.

Mr. Obama said Americans were expecting, and had a right to expect, “bold and swift action” from their government, whose mission is to create an atmosphere in which “workers can prosper, businesses can thrive and the economy can grow.”

That kind of language is often embraced by business-friendly Republicans, and indeed Mr. Obama has reached out to Republican lawmakers in an effort to signal his willingness to compromise on some components of his plan, which he said on Wednesday would be sweeping enough to invest in areas as disparate as roads, alternative energy projects, better schools and new technology.

The president said, as he has repeatedly, that he envisions money going “out the door immediately,” once Congress acts, helping to create three million to four million jobs, most of them in private enterprise.

“Corporate America will have to accept its own responsibility to workers and the American public,” Mr. Obama said, after alluding to an “atmosphere of irresponsibility” on Wall Street and in Washington that he said had helped push the economy toward ruin. He said, too, that he understands the skepticism that some people feel about the prospect of spending astronomical sums of the taxpayers’ money efficiently. Therefore, he said, his administration will put in place “unprecedented measures,” including Internet postings, to allow the American people to see where the streams of dollars are flowing.

Mr. Palmisano and Mr. Cote spoke enthusiastically of the president’s plan. “Now is not the time to be timid,” Mr. Cote said with Mr. Obama beside him. “Thank God you are not a timid man.”
The president had been hoping for wide, bipartisan support for his program, but some Republicans have found fault with it, criticizing among other things a tax credit for the middle class that would also benefit workers who earn so little that they do not pay income taxes, even though they are subject to the payroll taxes for Social Security andMedicare.

Despite the Democrats’ advantage in the House, Representative John A. Boehner of Ohio, the Republican minority leader, seemed unwilling earlier Wednesday to concede defeat. Many Republicans are worried about billions in domestic spending on programs that have “nothing to do with creating jobs or preserving jobs,” Mr. Boehner said in ABC’s “Good Morning America.”
Moreover, the Senate’s Republican minority leader, Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, has said that he and his colleagues will seek changes in whatever package comes over from the House.

But Mr. Obama said he was confident his recovery program would become reality. In promising that it would be run with openness and accountability, the president quotedSupreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, who said, “Sunlight is the best disinfectant.” Coincidentally, Brandeis was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson on Jan. 28, 1916.



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